Presented at the 2012 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing SymposiumPerformance of the Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) detection and mitigation algorithms used by the Aquarius microwave radiometer is demonstrated on orbit. The detection algorithm makes use of the radiometer's high over-sampling rate to identify short, pulsed increases in power that are characteristic of radar operating nearby in the microwave spectrum. The over-sampled data are downlinked to the ground, which allows the detection algorithm to be implemented in ground processing. Access to over-sampled data on the ground also enables the mitigation algorithm, which removes samples with detected RFI from subsequent averaging. The mitigation algorithm is shown to remove nearly all detected RFI. The algorithm can also be used to characterize the RFI itself - in particular the probability distribution of its strength and its geolocation. A first look at both characteristics of the RFI are also presented here. As expected, the prevalence and strength of the RFI is found to be much greater over land than ocean. Certain regions of the globe -e.g. in and around Western Europe and Eastern and Southern Asia- have stronger and more frequent RFI.